Basic principles of landscape design

Basic principles of landscape design

Most people prefer private houses to skyscrapers and high-rise buildings. The best way to rest after a week of work and recover strength is to leave the hustle and bustle of the city and go to the outskirts. When you have your own agricultural property, you can create unique landscapes there and arrange the territory according to your interests.

Wealthy people invite designers who offer their vision for these purposes, but there is also a more economical and affordable way to make your home / lot - a dream - to develop your landscape design yourself.

Certainly, training courses would not be needless, but not always there is enough time and money for it, therefore we offer to equip your plot with your own hands, guided by our recommendations.

Starting point, or point №1

Even not a professional can create a stylish and beautiful design. Not all world famous artists have a diploma of a specialist. For arranging your own parcel of land, you need knowledge and good imagination. Moreover, you need to start with creating a project.

In the age of technology, you can master special computer programs (for example, Sierra Land Designer 3D, etc.). Even if it causes difficulties, the “picture” can be created on graph paper (scale factor 1: 100). But first, the features of the territory should be explored. A need of wind diagram, the presence of groundwater and soil should be taken into account. These are important components of a landscape design.

After a detailed analysis of a parcel of land, go directly to the creation of a plan.

Rules for creating a plan

To create a plan you need to follow these steps:

• Measure a parcel of land and determine starting points

• Mark plantings that already exist on the plan of the house

• Mark future (planned) buildings. It concerns even small objects (doghouses, gazebos, etc).

• Divide a parcel of land into squares (segments). For example, for recreation, planting trees, etc.

• Mark future plantings, water and lighting scheme. It may require expert advice in order to avoid difficulties during the construction process.

In order not to get confused and create a complete picture, it is worth marking the following parameters:

• Groundwater, area with high humidity

• Dark and sunny places

• Soil

Creating a plan by-hand allows to display everything to the smallest detail. This is the foundation and concept of landscape design. Young designers are encouraged to make a plan as detailed as possible. This will help to avoid many mistakes. It is difficult to call this point of arrangement of a parcel of land creative and interesting, but without this base, it is impossible to create high-quality landscape design.

Choosing a color palette

You can change your parcel of land with the right color choice even with a small budget. It should fit in style and be combined with all elements.

What is included in the concept of landscape elements?

These are reservoirs, garden paths, plantings, mounds - everything that gives naturalness to a lot is created by nature. It is also necessary to take into account that with the change of the seasons the shades of the elements change.

Objects of architecture (bridges, garages, bath, sheds) should be in harmony in color. It is not necessary to color everything in one tone. You can focus on one building, while others will be its “supplement”. Most often, the focal point is the house. It sets a direction of the concept of arrangement of the territory.

Plantings decor

This stage is the most pleasant and long-awaited one. Selection of trees, bushes, flowers and lawn planting. Before buying all the plants you like, you need to look through the plan and evaluate the free space.

When planting trees and shrubs should be taken into account such parameters as:

• Maximum plant size.

• The speed of their growth.

• Fastidiousness to neighborhood with other plants.

For young landscape designers, it is important not to overdo with the selection of plants. For example, exotic plants require special care, that is why it is better to start with easier options. For example:

• thuja

• high cranberry

• barberry

• primrose

• garden roses

This list can be continued for a long time. The priority is ease of care and color harmony. Following this rule, a lot even with a small financial investment can be significantly transformed.

Key secrets of design

As in any field, experienced designers have their own secrets of competent arrangement of the site. These include:

1. Maximum free space. The blocking of the a lot does not make it better. The more “air”, the richer the territory looks.

2. The presence of a central element. It can be a pond, alpine slide or gazebo, which will attract attention to themselves.

Arranging a lot on your own is an interesting and rewarding experience. Intuition, fantasy, numerous literary and online sources will help to cope with this task.